The IEEE Copyright Form is required for all publications that are not open access, except for material in the public domain.
Signing the IEEE Copyright Form transfers ownership of the article to IEEE. The Electronic IEEE Copyright Form (eCF) makes signing a publishing agreement easy. The form will determine which agreement meets your needs and enable you to complete it on-screen.
Articles written by government employees may require a different copyright form. The eCF will determine the appropriate form for your situation. When an article is the work of both government and non-government employees, have one of the non-government employees sign the copyright form.