Create the Text of Your Article

Share your ideas.

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Communicate your ideas and discoveries to the world through a well-written article. To help you disseminate your research, IEEE offers the following guidance and best practices.

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Writing Your Abstract

Gain more readers for your article with a concise but comprehensive abstract that communicates the content of the full article.

Your abstract should provide a concise summary of the research conducted, the conclusions reached, and the potential implications of those conclusions, as well as:

  • Consist of a single paragraph up to 250 words that communicate clearly, with correct grammar and unambiguous terminology
  • Be self-contained, without abbreviations, footnotes, references, or mathematical equations
  • Highlight what is novel in your work
  • Include 3-5 keywords or phrases that describe the research to help readers find your article

Although the abstract is at the beginning of a published article, most authors write the abstract last and edit it multiple times before article publication to ensure it accurately captures the entire article.… Read More >


Refining the Use of English in Your Article

If English is not your native language, consider using an English language editing service before submitting your article for review. An expert editing service can help you communicate your work more effectively.… Read More >


Publishing Author Names in Native Languages

Publish your name in your native language alongside the English version of your name in the author list of your article. The guidelines below are for Chinese, Japanese, and Korean characters; all other native language names should be submitted via Unicode characters.… Read More >


Using Equations in Your Article

In Microsoft Word, use either the Microsoft Equation Editor or the MathType add-on to insert equations in your article. “Float over text” should not be selected. Define any symbols in your equation before or immediately after the equation appears.… Read More >


IEEE Standardized Keywords

Using the right keywords in your article can make your article more easily and reliably discoverable, which leads to a broader readership for your article. IEEE’s list of suggested keywords will help you find the best keywords to fit your article; use the thesaurus access request form to obtain the list of suggested keywords.… Read More >


IEEE Editorial Style Manual

The IEEE Editorial Style Manual (PDF, 823 KB) contains a formal set of editorial guidelines for IEEE Transactions, Journals, and Letters, including:

  • Punctuation
  • Capitalization
  • Abbreviations
  • Section headings
  • Numbers, equations
  • Footnotes
  • Biographies

The IEEE Mathematics Guide (PDF, 1.2 MB) illustrates how mathematical equations should be rendered in a technical article.… Read More >