A strong abstract can attract new readers. Gain more readers for your article with a concise but comprehensive abstract that communicates the content of the full article.
Your abstract should provide a brief summary of the research conducted, the conclusions reached, and the potential implications of those conclusions.
A strong abstract will also:
- Consist of a single paragraph, up to 250 words, with correct grammar and unambiguous terminology.
- Be self-contained: no abbreviations, footnotes, references, or mathematical equations.
- Highlight what is novel in your work.
- Include 3-5 keywords or phrases that describe the research to help readers find your article.
Although the abstract is at the beginning of a published article, most authors write the abstract last and edit it multiple times before article publication to ensure it accurately captures the entire article.
IEEE recommends that you do not include mathematical symbols in your article title or abstract because they may not display properly.